Active Low Pass Filter

# Active Low Pass Filter

#### Aim :-  Study of the Active Low Pass Filter and to Evaluate:

•     High cutoff frequency of Low pass filter.
•     Pass band gain of low Pass Filter.
•     Plot the frequency response of low Pass Filter.

#### Apparatus:-

Analog board of AB51.,DC power supplies 12V, -12V from external source or ST2612 Analog Lab, Function generator or ST 2612 Analog Lab, Oscilloscope,Digital Multi-meter,2 mm patch cords.

#### Theory:

An electric filter is a frequency selective circuit that passes electric signals of specific band of frequencies and attenuates signal of frequencies outside this band. Depending on the type of elements used in their construction filters may be classified as passive or active filters. Elements used in passive filters are resistors, capacitors and inductors. Active filter consists of active components such as Op-amp, transistors with passive elements.Low Pass Filter: It is a frequency selective circuit, which passes signals of frequency below it’s high cut off frequency (f_H) and attenuates signals of frequency above f_H\\

#### Procedure:

• Connect Ohmmeter between Vin and Test point 3. Adjust resistance value to 15.9K by varying the potentiometer 22K of High pass filter to set the Low cutoff frequency (f_L)\$at 1K.
• Connect +12V and −12V DC power supplies at their indicated position from external source or ST2612 Analog Lab.
• Switch ‘On’ the power supply.
• Connect a sinusoidal signal of amplitude 1V (p-p) of frequency 100 Hz to the Test point \$V_{in}\$ of high pass filter from external source or ST2612 Analog Lab.
• Observe output on oscilloscope by connecting Test point \$V_out\$ to oscilloscope
• Increase the frequency of input signal step by step and observe the effect on output V_{out} on oscilloscope.
• Tabulate different values of \$V_{out}\$, gain, gain (dB) at different values of input frequency.
• Plot the frequency response of high pass filter using the data obtained at different input frequencies.
• Perform the same procedure at different Cutoff frequencies.