Best Physics Handwritten Formula and Notes

 If you are in physics so you can refer these notes for various  Exams like CSIR -NET, GATE, TIFR, IIT JAM, BARC, DRDO, etc.




Atomic & Molecular Physics:-      Download
Classical Mechanics:-                    Download
Electrodynamics:-                          Download

Digital Electronics:-                       Download
Mathematical Physics:-                  Download

Nuclear & Particle Physics:-          Download
Quantum Mechanics:-                    Download
Solid-state physics:-                       Download

Thermodynamics and Statistical:- Download 

for more details contact on WhatsApp: 9586551131
or Click Here https://wa.me/919586551131?text=Join
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Diwali for Physicist

Diwali for Physicist
May time derivative of Happiness always remain positive in your life.

May the co-efficient of friction becomes zero at the surface of the path of your success.

May there is no dissipation of energy happen in your life.

May your life always remain in an equilibrium state.

May the energy eigenvalue of your life remain positive all the time.

May the temperature of your mind remains lower.

May your macrostate of success get the highest number of accessible states so that the probability of getting success becomes higher.

May you radiate happiness and joy all the time.

May you sparkle like photons.

May you pass all the barrier in your life like quantum tunneling

May your life becomes like
a pulsar and radiates colorful radiation of kind and love.

May you shine like the stars present on the upper side of the H-R diagram.

May have a negative central force in between your goal and you so, always your goal attracts you.

Your life becomes more and easier for you and all the complications of your life are smaller enough that you can neglect it.

Happy Diwali in the style of
Physics to all physicist
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DISCOVERIES

Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth
• Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.
• Photography was invented by Mathew Barry
• Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral)
• Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in
1869.
• X-ray machine was invented by James Clark
• Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.
• Chadwick discovered Neutron
• Telescope was invented by Galileo
• Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming
• Noble gases discovered by Cavendish
• Gun powder was first invented in China
• Velocity of light was measured by Michelson
• Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies
• Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes‘s principle
• Dr. Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA)
• First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. Barney B. Clark
• Barometer was invented by Pascal
• Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665
• Aspirin discovered by Dresser
• Atomic theory given by Dalton
• Atomic number given by Mosley
• Bacteria by Leeunhock
• Blood circulation by William Harvey
• Calculus by Newton
Co2 by Fishcer
• Chlorine by K. Scheele
• Oxygen by Priestley
• Hydrogen by Cavandish
• Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize
• Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
• Chloroform by Guthrie
• Deuterium by Harlod
• Dynamite by Alfred B. Nobel
• DNA by Watson Crick
• Gene by Johanson
• Chromosomes by Waldyar
• Electric resistance by Ohm
• Electrolysis by Faraday
• Electron by J.J. Thomson in 1897
• Neutron by Chadwick
• Proton by Rutherford
• Positron by Anderson
• Ozone by Echonbein
• Planetary motion by Kepler
• Radioactivity by Bacquerel
• Radium by Currie
• Insulin by Banting & Best
• Human heart transplant by Bernard
• Vaccine (measles) by Peebles
• Vaccine (polio) by Salk
• Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur
• Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner
• Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross
• Adding machine invented by Pascal
• Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn
Air Brake by George Washington
• Air Conditioning by H. Carier
• Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers
• Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain
• Automobile (electric) by William Morrison
• Automobile (differential gear) by Benz
• Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland
• Balloon by Mont Golfer
• Barometer by Torricelli
• Bicycle (modern) by Starley
• Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin
• Burner (gas) by Bunsen
• Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage
• Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Niepce
• Carburetor by Daimler
• Cement by Joseph Aspidin
• Circuit breaker by Hilliard
• Computer (electronic) by J.P.Eckert and J.W.Mauckly
• Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel
• Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak.
• Gas engine by Daimler
• Electric fan by wheeler
• Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy
• Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie
• Electric motor by Michael Faraday
• Motor A.C by Tesla
• Motor D.C by Devin Port
• Electric shaver by W.S. Hadaway
• Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler
• Electromagnet by William Sturgeon
• Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin
Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock
• Flying shuttle by Johan Kay
• Gun powder by Roger Bacon
• Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler
• Helicopter by Sikorsky
• Interneral combustion engine by Daimler
• Jet engine by Frank Whittle
• Knitting Machine by William Lee
• Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision
• Montgoflier invented balloon.
• Talbot invented photographic paper.
• Dickenson invented paper machine.
• Blanchard invented parachute.
• Colt‘s invention is pistol.
• Howe was the inventor of sewing machine.
• Lamp (mercury) by Hewit
• Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould
• Laser (operable) by T.H.Mainman
• Machine gun by Gatling
• Match (safety) by Pasch
• Microphone by Graham Bell
• Motion pictures (camera) by Edison
• Motor cycle by Daimler
• Motor scooter by Bradsha
• Parachute by Garnerin
• Pen (fountain) by Waterman
• Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro
• Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster
• Piano by Christopher
• Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg
• Radar by Watson Watt
Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens
• Razor safety by Gillette
• Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick
• Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre
• Revolver by Samuel Solt
• Rifle by August Kotter
• Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning
• Rocket Engine by Goddard
• Safety pin by Walter Hunt
• Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint
• Stainless steel by Herry Brearley
• Stream boat by Abbans
• Submarine by Holland
• Tank military by Swinton
• Telephone by Graham Bell
• Radio by Marconi
• Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo
• Telescope (refracting) by Newton
• Television (mechanical) by J.L. Baird
• Television (electric) by Fransworth
• Thermometer by Galilo
• Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit
• Tractor by Robert Keeley
• Transformer by William Stanley
• Transistor by William Shockley
• Type writer by Henry Mill
• Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher
• Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. Smith
• Welding (electric) by E. Thomson
• Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback
• Celcius devised Centrigrade scale
Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Proton was discovered by Goldstein
• Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk
• Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft
• The electric chair was invented by a dentist
• Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor
• What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
• Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941.
• Electron was discovered in 1897.
• Oxygen was discovered in 1774.
• Tomas A Edison was American.
• X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton.
• Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg.
• Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner.
• Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey.
• Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon.
• Insulin was discovered by Banting.
• Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England.
• ECG invented by Einthogen.
• Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October.
• In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly.
• In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine.
• More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we
use today.
• Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America.
• Zippers were introduced in 1890.
• China was discovered by Marco Polo.
• Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.
• Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier.
• Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon.
Parachute was invented by L.S Lenormand in 1783.
• Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988.
• Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832. He belonged to
France.DISCOVERIES

Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth
• Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.
• Photography was invented by Mathew Barry
• Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral)
• Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in
1869.
• X-ray machine was invented by James Clark
• Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.
• Chadwick discovered Neutron
• Telescope was invented by Galileo
• Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming
• Noble gases discovered by Cavendish
• Gun powder was first invented in China
• Velocity of light was measured by Michelson
• Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies
• Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes‘s principle
• Dr. Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA)
• First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. Barney B. Clark
• Barometer was invented by Pascal
• Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665
• Aspirin discovered by Dresser
• Atomic theory given by Dalton
• Atomic number given by Mosley
• Bacteria by Leeunhock
• Blood circulation by William Harvey
• Calculus by Newton
Co2 by Fishcer
• Chlorine by K. Scheele
• Oxygen by Priestley
• Hydrogen by Cavandish
• Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize
• Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
• Chloroform by Guthrie
• Deuterium by Harlod
• Dynamite by Alfred B. Nobel
• DNA by Watson Crick
• Gene by Johanson
• Chromosomes by Waldyar
• Electric resistance by Ohm
• Electrolysis by Faraday
• Electron by J.J. Thomson in 1897
• Neutron by Chadwick
• Proton by Rutherford
• Positron by Anderson
• Ozone by Echonbein
• Planetary motion by Kepler
• Radioactivity by Bacquerel
• Radium by Currie
• Insulin by Banting & Best
• Human heart transplant by Bernard
• Vaccine (measles) by Peebles
• Vaccine (polio) by Salk
• Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur
• Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner
• Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross
• Adding machine invented by Pascal
• Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn
Air Brake by George Washington
• Air Conditioning by H. Carier
• Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers
• Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain
• Automobile (electric) by William Morrison
• Automobile (differential gear) by Benz
• Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland
• Balloon by Mont Golfer
• Barometer by Torricelli
• Bicycle (modern) by Starley
• Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin
• Burner (gas) by Bunsen
• Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage
• Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Niepce
• Carburetor by Daimler
• Cement by Joseph Aspidin
• Circuit breaker by Hilliard
• Computer (electronic) by J.P.Eckert and J.W.Mauckly
• Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel
• Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak.
• Gas engine by Daimler
• Electric fan by wheeler
• Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy
• Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie
• Electric motor by Michael Faraday
• Motor A.C by Tesla
• Motor D.C by Devin Port
• Electric shaver by W.S. Hadaway
• Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler
• Electromagnet by William Sturgeon
• Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin
Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock
• Flying shuttle by Johan Kay
• Gun powder by Roger Bacon
• Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler
• Helicopter by Sikorsky
• Interneral combustion engine by Daimler
• Jet engine by Frank Whittle
• Knitting Machine by William Lee
• Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision
• Montgoflier invented balloon.
• Talbot invented photographic paper.
• Dickenson invented paper machine.
• Blanchard invented parachute.
• Colt‘s invention is pistol.
• Howe was the inventor of sewing machine.
• Lamp (mercury) by Hewit
• Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould
• Laser (operable) by T.H.Mainman
• Machine gun by Gatling
• Match (safety) by Pasch
• Microphone by Graham Bell
• Motion pictures (camera) by Edison
• Motor cycle by Daimler
• Motor scooter by Bradsha
• Parachute by Garnerin
• Pen (fountain) by Waterman
• Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro
• Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster
• Piano by Christopher
• Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg
• Radar by Watson Watt
Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens
• Razor safety by Gillette
• Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick
• Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre
• Revolver by Samuel Solt
• Rifle by August Kotter
• Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning
• Rocket Engine by Goddard
• Safety pin by Walter Hunt
• Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint
• Stainless steel by Herry Brearley
• Stream boat by Abbans
• Submarine by Holland
• Tank military by Swinton
• Telephone by Graham Bell
• Radio by Marconi
• Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo
• Telescope (refracting) by Newton
• Television (mechanical) by J.L. Baird
• Television (electric) by Fransworth
• Thermometer by Galilo
• Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit
• Tractor by Robert Keeley
• Transformer by William Stanley
• Transistor by William Shockley
• Type writer by Henry Mill
• Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher
• Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. Smith
• Welding (electric) by E. Thomson
• Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback
• Celcius devised Centrigrade scale
Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Proton was discovered by Goldstein
• Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk
• Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft
• The electric chair was invented by a dentist
• Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor
• What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
• Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941.
• Electron was discovered in 1897.
• Oxygen was discovered in 1774.
• Tomas A Edison was American.
• X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton.
• Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg.
• Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner.
• Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey.
• Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon.
• Insulin was discovered by Banting.
• Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England.
• ECG invented by Einthogen.
• Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October.
• In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly.
• In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine.
• More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we
use today.
• Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America.
• Zippers were introduced in 1890.
• China was discovered by Marco Polo.
• Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.
• Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier.
• Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon.
Parachute was invented by L.S Lenormand in 1783.
• Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988.
• Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832. He belonged to
France.
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चन्द्रयान 2 से सम्बंधित महत्त्वपूर्ण (Important related to Chandrayaan 2)



 (1) चंद्रयान मिशन 2 को कब लांच किया गया?
 उत्तर-  22 जुलाई 2019

(2) Chandrayaan-2 अभियान को भारत के किस शक्तिशाली रॉकेट से लांच किया गया?
 उत्तर –GSLV  मार्क 3

 (3) भारत की कौन सी संस्था  ने चंद्रयान मिशन 2 को लॉन्च किया?
 उत्तर-  ISRO (भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)

(4)   चंद्रयान-2   को किस अंतरिक्ष केंद्र से लांच किया गया?
 उत्तर-  सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केंद्र

(5)  चंद्रयान मिशन 2 को लॉन्च करने में कितना खर्च आया?
 उत्तर- 960  करोड़ रुपए

(6) ISRO (भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन) का मुख्यालय कहां पर स्थित है?
 उत्तर-  बेंगलुरु

(7)  चंद्रयान-2  को कहां पर उतरना है?
 उत्तर-  चंद्रमा के दक्षिणी ध्रुव पर

(8)  चंद्रयान-2 अभियान को कहां से लांच किया गया?
 उत्तर-  श्रीहरिकोटा

(9) सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केंद्र कहां पर स्थित है?
 उत्तर- Andhra Pradesh

(10) भारत का अंतरिक्ष मंत्रालय किसके पास है?
 उत्तर-  प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी
प्रश्न10 भारत का अंतरिक्ष मंत्रालय किसके पास है?
 उत्तर-  प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी

 (11)  चंद्रयान मिशन 2 के प्रोजेक्ट डायरेक्टर कौन है?
 उत्तर-  एम वनीता और रितु करीधल

 (12)  वर्तमान में ISRO (भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)  के अध्यक्ष कौन है?
 उत्तर- के सिवन (2019)

 (13) चंद्रयान-2 को चंद्रमा के दक्षिणी ध्रुव पर पहुंचने में कितने दिन का समय  लगेगा?
 उत्तर- 53 से 54  दिन

 (14) चंद्रयान-2  अभियान भारत का चंद्रमा के लिए कौन सा मिशन होगा?
 उत्तर-  दूसरा

 (15)  चंद्रयान मिशन1  कब लांच किया गया था?
 उत्तर-  22 अक्टूबर 2008

 (16) चंद्रयान-2 को कहां से लांच किया गया था?
 उत्तर-  सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केंद्र ( श्रीहरिकोटा)

 (17) चंद्रयान मिशन 1  को लांच करने में कितना खर्चा आया था?
 उत्तर- 380  करोड़ रुपए

 (18)  चंद्रयान मिशन 1 के समय इसरो के अध्यक्ष कौन थे?
 उत्तर-  जी माधवन नायर

 (19)  चंद्रयान-2  को किस रॉकेट के जरिए लॉन्च किया गया था?
 उत्तर- PSLV-C11

 (20)  चंद्रयान-2 चंद्रमा पर कब पहुंचा था?
 उत्तर-  22 अक्टूबर 2008 को
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Reference book for Beginning to advance

For undergraduation you will be having...
The books that i am going to mention here will be arranged according to their levels in serial wise

Classical Mechanics

1- Newtonian Physics by AP french
2- Kleppener and Kolenkow
3- David Morrin
4- Keith R Symons
5- John R Taylor
6- Goldstein


Electrodynamics

1- Griffiths
2- Jackson


Optics

1- Ajoy Ghatak
2- Meschede


Quantum Mechanics

1- Zettili
2- Griffith
3- David Miller
4- Griffiths
5- Bransden
6- Eisberg
7- Merzbacher
8- Liboff
9- Gasiowiczs
10- R shankar
11- JJ sakurai



Nuclear Physics

1- Krane
2- Lilly
3- Kaplan
4- SB patel
5- SN Ghosal


Electronics

1- Malvino and Bates
2- BL thereja


Special Relativity


1- Resnick


Thermodynamics


1- PK Nag
2- Zeemansky


Waves and Oscillations

1- HJ pain
2- RN chaudhari
3- NK bajaj


Atomic Physics


1- BH Bransden


Modern Physics


1- Arthur Beiser

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Chandrayan 2

India’s 🇮🇳 First Lunar Lander 🚀 Falls Silent Just Before Touchdown

An Indian spacecraft’s unprecedented attempt to make a soft, controlled landing in the moon’s south polar region has ended in excruciating silence: Shortly before touchdown, the robotic lander Vikram—part of the Chandrayaan-2 mission—fell out of contact with mission control. The Indian Space Research Organization, India’s space agency, says that the spacecraft stopped communicating with Earth when it was within 1.3 miles of the lunar surface.

“The Vikram descent was as planned, and normal performance was observed, up to an altitude of 2.1 kilometers,” said Kailasavadivoo Sivan, ISRO’s chairman, in a statement roughly half an hour after signal loss. “The data is being analyzed.”

In addition to setting a global first, a successful landing would have made India just the fourth country to touch down anywhere on the lunar surface, and only the third nation to operate a robotic rover there. Nevertheless, the Chandrayaan-2 mission’s orbiter remains safely in lunar orbit, with a year-long scientific mission ahead of it.

“India is proud of our scientists! They’ve given their best and have always made India proud,” Indian prime minister Narendra Modi said in a statement on Twitter after Sivan’s update. “These are moments to be courageous, and courageous we will be!”

Like any voyage to a world beyond Earth, Vikram’s flight was a risky endeavor, requiring the lander to slow itself down to a near standstill, autonomously scan for surface obstacles, and then take steps to avoid them during touchdown. The majority of attempts to land robots on the moon have ended in failure, either during launch or on the way to the surface.
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Full Syllbus Hand Written Notes Part - 2


Atomic Theory and Modern Physics

Click Here

Classical Mechanics


Electrodynamics 


Electromagnestism



Digital Electronics


Mathematical Physics


Nuclear Physics



Particle Physics 


Click Here

Quantum Physics


Click Here

Solid State and Condense Matter Physics

Thermodynamics and Statistical mechanics




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Full Syllbus Hand Written Notes Part -1


Atomic Theory and Modern Physics



Click Here

Classical Mechanics


Electrodynamics 



Click here

Electromagnestism



Digital Electronics



Click Here

Mathematical Physics



Nuclear Physics

Particle Physics 

Quantum Physics

Solid State and Condense Matter Physics

Thermodynamics and Statistical mechanics



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Reference-Books-for-CSIR-NET-JRF-GATE-TIFR-JEST-Examination

Mathematical Physics


1. Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences : Mary L. Boas
2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics: Erwin Kreyszig
3. Mathematical Physics: H. K. Dass

Classical Mechanics

1. Classical Mechanics : J.C. Upadhyaya
2. Classical Mechanics : Herbert Goldstein
3. An Introduction to Mechanics: Kleppner & Kolenkow
4. Concept of Physics (Volume I): H. C. Verma

Electromagnetic Theory

1. Introduction to Electrodynamics: David J. Griffiths
2. Classical Electrodynamics: Walter Griener
3. Electricity & Magnetism: B. Ghosh

Quantum Mechanics


1. Quantum Mechanics Concepts & Applications: Nouredine Zettili
2. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics: David J. Griffiths
3. Quantum Physics: H.C. Verma
4. Quantum mechanics: 500 problems with solutions: G. Aruldhas

Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

1. Fundamentals of Statistical & Thermal Physics: F. Rief
2. Statistical Mechanics: R. K. Patharia
3. Thermal Physics: Garg, Bansal, Ghosh
4. A Textbook of Statistical Mechanics: Suresh Chandra

Electronics & Experimental Methods

1. Digital Electronics: Malvino & Leach
2. Electronic Devices & Circuit Theory: Boylestad & Nashelsky
3. Electronic Devices & Circuits: Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias

Atomic & Molecular Physics

1. Atomic and Molecular Physics: Raj Kumar
2. Fundamental of Molecular Spectroscopy: Colin N. Banwell & Elaine M. McCash
3. Introduction to Atomic Spectra: Harvey Elliott White

Condensed Matter Physics

1. Introduction to Solid State Physics: Charles Kittel
2. Solid State Physics: Puri & Babbar
3. Solid State Physics: M. A. Wahab

Nuclear and Particle Physics

1. Nuclear Physics: D. C. Tayal
2. Nuclear Physics, An Introduction: S. B. Patel

3. Introduction to Elementary Particles: David J. Griffiths


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#Interconversion_of_formulas

#Interconversion_of_formulas

1. Formulas related to force:

F = ma
F = kx
F = m(vf² - vi²/2S)
F = mv/t
F = md/t²
F = m(vf - vi) /t
F = Area × density × velocity²
F = 1/2 mv²/d
F = 1/2 Pv/d
F =  Power/velocity
Fc = mv²/r
Fc = mrw²
Fc/2 = mv²/2r
Fc = 2K.E/r
F = Area × Stress
F = pir² × stress
F = YA × Strain
F = YAl/L
F = pressure × area
F = change in momentum × time interval
F = - 2mVx  ×  Vx/2l
F2 = F1/A1 × A2
F = qE
F = kQ/r²
F = ILB sintheta
F = q (v × B)
F = qE  +  q(v × B)

2. Formulas related to energy and work

Fd = k.e
mgh = 1/2 mv²
E = 1/2 kx²
E = Ve
E = nhf
E = nhc/lambda
E = Pc
K.e = hf - work function = hf - hf° = hf - hc/w°  (here w° is cutt off wavelength)
E = 1/2 Pv
mv²/2r= Fc/2
K.E/r = Fc/2
K.E = Fc×r/2
K.e = 1.5 KT

E = VQ
E = Power × time
E = Fvt
% loss in K.e = v1² - v2²/v1² × 100
% loss in P.e = h1² - h²/h1²  × 100
Energy lost due to air friction(Fh) = 1/2mv² - mgh (when body is thrown upward)
Energy lost due to air friction(FS) = mgh - 1/2mv² (when body is thrown downward)
E = 1/2 CV² (capacitor)
E = R × hc  (R is Rydberg' constant)
J = m-¹ × Js ms-¹
hf kalpha x rays = EL - Ek
hf kbeta x rays = EM - Ek
Binding energy = mass defect × c²

W = Fd Costheta
W = nmgh  (when person is climbing stairs)
W = n(m+m) gh (when person is climbing stairs with some load)

W = 0mgh + 1mgh + 2mgh + 3mgh ....... (in case of stacking bricks. For ist brick h=0. For 2nd brick h=1. For 3rd brick h=2 and so on)

W = Fd = PA × change in V
W = Q - change in U
Q = mc × change in T
T/273.16 = Q/Q3   (Thermodynamic scale)
W = I²Rt
W = emf×charge
W = VQ
W = 1/2 lF
W = YAl²/2L
W = StressAl²/2Strain
W = PressureAl²/2Strain
W = Fl²/2Strain

3. Formulas related to Power

P = Fv
P = E/t
P = n(mgh/t)
P = Fd/t
P = mv²/2t

4. Formulas related to distance, displacement, velocity and accelration

d = vt
d = at²
d = (vf + vi/2) ×t
d = 5t²  (for distance in 'n' seconds)
d = 5(2tn - 1)  (for distance in 'nth' second)
d = 1/2 mv²/F
d = vit + 5t²
d = v × underroot 2H/g
d = vt = x°wt = x°2pi/T × t = x°2pift
x = x° Sin wt
x = x° Sin (underroot k/m) t

vf = vi + at
2as = vf² - vi²
2as = (vi + at)² - vi²
2as = vf² - (vf - at) ²
v = underroot Vfx² + Vfy²
v = Power/Force
v = 2×K.E/momentum   (k.e = 1/2 Pv)
v² = 2×Power×time/mass  (P = mv²/2t)
v = underroot 2as
v = underroot gr  (speed at highest point in a  verticle circle)
v = underroot 5gr (speed at lowest point in a verticle circle)
v² = 2FS/m
v² = 2E/m
v² = 2Ve/m
v = eBr/m (velocity of particle under action of magnetic force along circular path)
v² = Force/Area.Density
v = w underroot x°² - x²
v = underroot k/m × underroot x°² - x²
v = x°w   (at mean position where x=0)
v = x° underoot k/m
v = v° underroot 1 - x²/x°² (for determining ratio b/w inst. Velocity and maxi. Velocity)
v= x°2pif  = x°2pi/T
a = x°w² = x°w.w = vw = v.2pif
Common velocity = m1v1/m1+m2
vi² = Rg/Sin2theta
v = underoot Tension×length/mass
V = 2pi ke²/nh   (speed of e- in nth orbit)
Vn = V/n
v = nh/2pimr   (lambda = 2pir and lambda=h/p)
ma = kx
a = kx/m (SHM)
a = - gx/l (Simple pendulum)
ac = v²/r

5. Formulas related to wavelength 'w'
w = v/f
w = 1/wave number
w1 = 2l (when pipe is opened at both ends)
w1 = 4l (when pipe is opened at one end)
Delta w = Us/f    (doppler shift)
Wavelength for obs. = w - delta w = v/f  -  Us/f
w = hc/Ve
w = hc/E
w = h/mv
w = h/P      as P = underroot 2mE so
w = h/underroot 2mE  (de Broglie wavelength)
w = underroot 150/V   A° (short method for de Broglie wavelength. This formula is applicable only for e-)
1/w = RH (1/p²-1/n²)
Wmaxi/Wmini = n²/n²-p²  (for determining ratio b/w maxi. Wavelength to mini. Wavelength for series of atomic spectrum)
w = 2pir/n (n is no. of loops in a circle)
h/mv = 2pir
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